UEM

Neurodevelopment Lab

Este el blog del Grupo de Neurobiología del Desarrollo de la Universidad Europea de Madrid, dirigido por la Dra. Cristina Sánchez-Camacho. En él podéis encontrar información sobre nuestra actividad Científica y divulgativa. Nuestro grupo de investigación está interesado en el estudio del desarrollo del Sistema Nervioso y en particular, en conocer los mecanismos moleculares implicados en el establecimiento de las conexiones neuronales y la vascularización del cerebro en desarrollo. 

cristina.sanchez-camacho@universidadeuropea.es

 

RESEARCH ARTICLE: "Developmental expression of membrane type 4-matrix metalloproteinase (Mt4-mmp/ Mmp17) in the mouse embryo"

Iván Rodríguez Associate Professor of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Blog Neurodevelopment Lab Published 27 November 2017

Abstract

Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) constitute a large group of endoproteases that play important functions during embryonic development, tumor metastasis and angiogenesis by degrading components of the extracellular matrix. Within this family, we focused our study on Mt4-mmp (also called Mmp17) that belongs to a distinct subset that is anchored to the cell surface via a glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI) moiety and with the catalytic site exposed to the extracellular space. Information about its function and substrates is very limited to date, and little has been reported on its role in the developing embryo. Here, we report a detailed expression analysis of Mt4-mmp during mouse embryonic development by using a LacZ reporter transgenic mouse line. We showed that Mt4-mmp is detected from early stages of development to postnatal stages following a dynamic and restricted pattern of expression. Mt4-mmp was first detected at E8.5 limited to the intersomitic vascularization, the endocardial endothelium and the dorsal aorta. Mt4-mmpLacZ/+ cells were also observed in the neural crest cells, somites, floor plate and notochord at early stages. From E10.5, expression localized in the limb buds and persists during limb development. A strong expression in the brain begins at E12.5 and continues to postnatal stages. Specifically, staining was observed in the olfactory bulb, cerebral cortex, hippocampus, striatum, septum, dorsal thalamus and the spinal cord. In addition, LacZ-positive cells were also detected during eye development, initially at the hyaloid artery and later on located in the lens and the neural retina. Mt4-mmp expression was confirmed by quantitative RT-PCR and western blot analysis in some embryonic tissues. Our data point to distinct functions for this metalloproteinase during embryonic development, particularly during brain formation, angiogenesis and limb development.

Plos One

https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0184767

 

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